One Carbon Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
This one-carbon metabolism pathway is centered around folate. Folate is the primary methyl-group donor for processes such as DNA methylation reactions, nucleotide synthesis and
DNA repair mechanisms. An important pathway for any study related to folate or DNA methylation.Differential methylation (e.g. hypermethylation of tumor suppressors) as well as disturbances in nucleotide synthesis and repair, are associated with several forms of cancer. There are also indications that hypermethylation is involved in the progression of adenomas to cancer.
- Ludwig ML, Matthews RG; ''Structure-based perspectives on B12-dependent enzymes.; ''Annu Rev Biochem, 1997 - PubMed
- Hazra A, Wu K, Kraft P, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Hunter DJ; ''Twenty-four non-synonymous polymorphisms in the one-carbon metabolic pathway and riskof colorectal adenoma in the Nurses' Health Study.; ''Carcinogenesis, 2007 - PubMed
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|10-Formyl Tetrahydrofolate||Metabolite||2800-34-2 (CAS)|
|MAT2B||Unknown||27430 (Entrez Gene)|
|SHMT1||Unknown||6470 (Entrez Gene)|
|SHMT2||Unknown||6472 (Entrez Gene)|
|ALDH1L1||Unknown||10840 (Entrez Gene)|